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Making Nursing Home Visits Meaningful

By Sarah Wood

 

Oftentimes, as nursing home residents decline, they lose the ability to communicate. Sadly, this is a time when families stop visiting as often because they donít know what to say or how to make the visits meaningful for the family, as well as their loved one. Sometimes, just being present can be satisfying.

Here are some tips for the families.

  1. Visit with your loved one in the facility sensory room.
  2. Prepare for the visit ahead of time. Bring items of interest with you. For example; if your loved one had a love of pets, you could bring your family pet to visit. If he or she had a love of a certain kind of music, bring a CD to play while in the room.
  3. Talk with your loved one about events going on in the community or family. Donít assume they canít understand. Just hearing your voice will bring comfort and keep them connected with the outside world.
  4. Bring their favorite foods and spices for the visit, but make sure to adhere to the diet recommended by the dietitian and physician.
  5. Reminisce about past life experiences. Bring in old family photographs. They may enjoy just listening to your memories. If they are able to respond, this may spark a memory.
  6. On their calendar, take a highlighter and mark the date of your next visit. This will remind them that you will be returning soon.
  7. Personalize their room. Now is the time they need the most stimulation. Look how you can make their room pretty while at the same time reflecting their personality. You could put up sports banners, add family photos, put pictures on the walls, a CD player at bedside with favorite CDs, plants, decorator pillows and pretty afghans, knickknacks that are meaningful to them, lotions and perfumes or colognes, fake fish tanks (real ones if someone can take care of it), wind chimes over the bed. 
  8. Bring a book of their favorite author and read to him or her during your visit.
  9. Bring flowers from your garden.
  10. Try aroma therapy. You can purchase candle warmers and electric aroma therapy machines. Use smells that they would like, but be aware that medications can make them nauseous. Light scents such as lavender may be preferred.
  11. Provide hand massages and back rubs. Oftentimes, the only touch they receive is by the facility staff. Having a massage can be really uplifting, especially when being touched by a loved one.
  12. Include children in the visit. Bring things for the children to do. It could be a childrenís book that the child can read to the resident. If there are animals or bird cages in the facility, plan your visits there.
  13. Donít be afraid to laugh and share humorous stories. Bring funny cartoons and funny stories to share. Itís ok to laugh.
  14. Bring cassette tapes or CDs of the religious services from their local church. Share the church bulletin with them.
  15. Bring the local community paper and read what is happening in their local community. It will help them still feel connected.
  16. Share events happening in your family.
  17. Read poetry.
  18. Share a meal with them. Many facilities allow families to purchase a meal and eat with the loved one in the dining room.
  19. You could do a makeup session or fix their hair. You can bring pretty nail polish and do a manicure.
  20. Share a scrapbook or photo album.
  21. Go for a stroll together. Nothing is like a visit outside. Many facilities have lovely patios.
  22. If your loved one is able to take a drive in the car, go on short outings. Suggestions would be: a ride around the community, zoo, restaurant, park, church, local store or a pet shop. Call ahead to make sure the destination is wheelchair accessible.
  23. Bring to family gatherings, such as weddings, holiday dinners and religious events.
  24. Bring games they enjoy, cards, checkers, chess, word puzzles.
  25. Bring crafts they enjoy, such as yarn or cross stitch.
  26. Bring a video of family events such as weddings, graduations, baseball games, dance recitals, or share a video with them of a movie you enjoyed.
  27. If they like to read, but now are unable, purchase books on tape.
  28. Begin a project that you can work on each time you come. For example, if they loved to garden, you could begin a flower press book and dry the flowers. Once they are dried, you could make a collage together and hang the picture on the wall.
  29. Assist your love one with writing a letter to a friend or relative.
  30. Help fulfill their final wishes. It may be contacting a long lost friend, or giving away a valuable. Listen to ďwhat they wantĒ and donít make judgments. There are organizations that grant last wishes of the elderly. It may be a hot air balloon ride or a dinner with all of their loved ones.
  31. Exercise with them. There are several video tapes for elderly in wheelchairs. It could be simple arm lifts, walking or hand exercises.
  32. Place calendars in their room with large clocks. Donít assume they canít tell time.
  33. Hug a lot.
     
  34. Create a tactile blanket with different textures and items of interest to touch
  35. Bring items related to the season, such as pumpkins, poinsettias, spring flowers.
  36. Decorate their room for the seasons, with decorations and scents specific to the holiday or season. Take down old decorations.
  37. Bring fresh fruits and vegetables.
  38. If the facility has a community kitchen, cook a meal together. Some facilities have activity rooms where you could have a large family gathering.
  39. Follow the nursing homeís schedule for visits. Generally, it is better to visit in the afternoon. In the morning, many facilities are busy providing care and getting residents dressed. Phone ahead to let staff know you are coming. Follow through.  If you say youíre coming, please show up when you said you would. Always knock before entering the room. Always state who you are. With dementia, they may forget your face. Feelings are the last to go, they may feel terrible if you say, ďMom, this is SallyĒ. But instead, you could say, ďHi Ruth, my name is Sally and I came to visit with you.Ē
  40. Get to know the staff. Find out whatís new about your loved one.
  41. Let your loved one express their feelings and accept them. They just need someone to listen. You donít have to have all the answers. Your presence is present enough. Enjoy the time you do have and the tender moments together. Try to leave negativity at home. Make your visits joyful and pleasurable. Donít rush in, act bored, put down the resident, make them feel guilty about their health, or act like you would rather be somewhere else. They know!

If you plan what you will be doing before your visit, you will have a successful and rewarding experience.

 

Sandra Stimson is the Executive Director for Alternative Solutions in Long Term Care www.activitytherapy.com. Sandra has had more than 13 years of experience in the healthcare field and has run caregiver support groups for many years. She has held several positions as Activity Director, Assistant Administrator and Dementia Unit Director. Sandra's expertise is in the area of dementia unit development. Sandra is also the Executive Director of the National Council of Certified Dementia Practitioners www.nccdp.org which advocates that all healthcare professionals are trained in the area of dementia, with a minimum training of 8 hours, and ongoing training while working with dementia clients.

 

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