Children with diabetes are
the same as any other children in the need for
attention, guidance, and love, but they have special
needs when it comes to controlling their diabetes.
Diabetes comes in two forms with children almost
always diagnosed with Type 1, known as
insulin-dependent, requiring regular injections of
insulin to regulate the sugar in the blood. There
are three things that must be regulated in order to
control diabetes. They are monitoring your child’s
food and exercise, and supplying insulin in the
appropriate dosage. There are a few methods that can
control diabetes such as food, exercise, and
insulin. Symptoms of diabetes include hypoglycemia
(low blood sugar), hyperglycemia (high blood sugar),
and ketoacidosis, which is often considered a
diabetic emergency. Treatments may differ, but with
the right regimen, a parent’s care for a diabetic
child is rewarding and no different from other
The Needs of Diabetic
- Children are allowed to
eat the same healthy, nutritious foods as other
children, but secondary caregivers such as
teachers, babysitters, and relatives should be
knowledgeable of the child’s dietary needs.
- Eating Habits
Throughout the Day
- Most children need
snacks and fruits throughout the day at various
times in order to balance out the blood sugar
and to maintain its normal level.
- Diabetic children can
be as active as any other child. But, because
the child’s blood sugar can decrease during
exercise, a snack such as a banana or orange may
be needed to maintain normal blood sugar level.
Simple Instructions to
Remember when Helping Children with Diabetes
- Treat the child the same as any other child, and
understand the precautions ahead of time before a
- Establish a customary routine you and your child can
adapt to and enjoy during the day.
- Strive to set a pattern for eating throughout the
day that you and your child can feel comfortable
- Never feel as though it is the child’s fault for
high or low blood sugar, rather stress the
importance of health maintenance and proper action
in case of emergency.
- Watch the child’s behavior before meals and snacks.
sure meals are eaten on schedule.
not assign physical exercise just before a meal when
the child may be in need of food.
- Arrange an inconspicuous means of taking the
mid-morning and/or afternoon snack.
a source of sugar readily available, and encourage
the child to carry some form of sugar.
- Most children need a
snack at night before bed.
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