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See Well for a Lifetime:
Tips To Maintain Healthy Vision as You Age

The National Eye Institute


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Aging is a process that brings many changes. Vision loss and blindness, however, do not have to be one of them. There are several simple steps you can take to keep your eyes healthy for the rest of your life.

Visiting an eye care professional regularly for a comprehensive dilated eye exam is the most important thing you can do to reduce your risk of vision loss as you age. Although your vision may seem fine, age-related eye diseases often have no symptoms.

A comprehensive dilated eye exam is different from the basic eye exam or screening you have for glasses or contacts. By dilating the pupils and examining the back of the eyes, your eye care professional can detect eye diseases in their early stages, before vision loss occurs. Through a comprehensive dilated eye exam, your eye care professional can check for early signs ofó

  •  Age-related macular degeneration, which gradually destroys the macula, the part of the eye that provides sharp, central vision.
  • Cataract, a clouding of the lens in the eye.
  • Diabetic retinopathy, a complication of diabetes that damages blood vessels in the retina, the light-sensitive tissue at the back of the eye.

  • Glaucoma, a group of diseases that can cause fluid and pressure to build up in the eye and damage the optic nerve.    

Early diagnosis and treatment are the best ways to prevent vision loss. If you have been diagnosed with an eye disease or condition, work with your eye care professional to learn about your treatment options.

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