ARTICLES / Caregiver / See Well for a Lifetime /
The National Eye Institute
Aging is a process that brings many changes.
Vision loss and blindness, however, do not have to
be one of them. There are several simple steps you
can take to keep your eyes healthy for the rest of
Visiting an eye care professional
regularly for a comprehensive dilated eye exam
is the most important thing you can do to reduce
your risk of vision loss as you age. Although your
vision may seem fine, age-related eye diseases often
have no symptoms.
A comprehensive dilated eye exam is different
from the basic eye exam or screening you have for
glasses or contacts. By dilating the pupils and
examining the back of the eyes, your eye care
professional can detect eye diseases in their early
stages, before vision loss occurs. Through a
comprehensive dilated eye exam, your eye care
professional can check for early signs ofó
- Age-related macular degeneration,
which gradually destroys the macula, the part of
the eye that provides sharp, central vision.
- Cataract, a clouding of the lens in the eye.
- Diabetic retinopathy, a complication of
diabetes that damages blood vessels in the
retina, the light-sensitive tissue at the back
of the eye.
- Glaucoma, a group of diseases that can cause
fluid and pressure to build up in the eye and
damage the optic nerve.
Early diagnosis and treatment are the best ways
to prevent vision loss. If you have been diagnosed
with an eye disease or condition, work with your eye
care professional to learn about your treatment